If you own a bike already or have been thinking about getting one anytime soon, then knowing about motorcycle batteries should be a good idea.
There are some differences among the different types of motorcycle batteries; understanding the basics about it can prove to be useful on various occasions.
We’ll talk about the types of motorcycle batteries and talk you through the basic knowledge so that you have a clearer idea while choosing one among the different types available.
Types of Motorcycle Batteries
There are three types of motorcycle batteries commonly used. They differ in their composition and work somewhat differently, though their main goal is the same – to produce electricity. Let’s have a look at them.
Lead-acid or wet cell batteries are one of the most commonly used batteries in motorcycles. A wet cell battery composition consists of lead, lead oxide, water, and sulfuric acid mixture. This mixture creates hydrogen while the battery is being used and needs an occasional water refill since it’s open-headed.
Wet cell batteries have an open lid, and for this reason, they should be placed in the correct position to protect the acidic water mixture from getting out of the battery container.
The water keeps losing its volume constantly because of the container design and should be refilled up to the filling mark in the container.
Gel cells are different from wet cell batteries since they don’t have any liquid inside. Inside a gel cell battery, there’s a mixture of silica and sulfuric acid to hold the electrolyte from the battery cells.
Since there is no liquid inside and the container is completely sealed, there’s zero risk of evaporation and gas leakage like with the wet cell batteries.
The packaging is contained and so doesn’t have to be placed in a specific position. It can be placed anywhere and at any angle without causing any issues.
Though gel cell batteries are much safer than wet cell ones, there is one major issue with these. If a gel cell battery has power overload and somehow breaks the gel lining inside, the cell plates might get uncovered and die off in no time.
Absorbed Glass Mat
These batteries work similarly to the gel batteries except for one thing: they have a glass sponge to work as the acid and vibration absorber in between the lead plates inside.
The simple design improvement can save the battery from heat differences and increase its lifespan by a large. Other than that, it’s almost the same as gel cells.
In a battery, not all the space inside is used for power reserve. Power reserve takes little space while much goes into creating a protective shell as well as maintaining the mixture to maintain an even power supply among all the lead plates.
But since these batteries use fibers to control acid in the lead, the size is much smaller.
Things to Keep in Mind Before Your Purchasing and Using a Battery
We’ve talked about the major battery types for a motorcycle. Let’s have a look at some factors to keep in mind about these
- Keeping It in Airy Place
Since batteries emit harmful chemical gases while charging, you should keep them in a place that’s out of reach from kids and animals.
The gas can heat up the surrounding area, so you should keep it in a place where there’s a proper air supply around it to create enough space for the gas to leave.
- Wear Protection
Acid from batteries can spill, and if it reaches your eye or skin, it can cause a severe burn. Always wear safety gear while working with batteries – especially while refilling the acidic water.
One can expect up to four years of lifespan with a battery, but this isn’t going to be the case all the time. Depending on how often you use your battery, how many times it’s been charged and discharged and how it’s coping up with heat changes – the replacement time will vary.
You should check your battery once in a while and if something seems out of place, take it to a mechanic to know if you should replace it or not.
Only charge the proper amount necessary to fill the battery up. Charing more or less can kill the lifespan of the cells and emit harmful gas from the battery mixture.
Use the correct volt to charge the battery, and if you notice it getting excessively hot, replace it.
All motorcycle battery types are good, but you should use the one that fits best with your motorcycle and gives maximum efficiency.
Now that you know about the different types of motorcycle batteries and how to choose one as well as maintain it while use, you’re going to have a much easier time dealing with a bike battery.